India is a federal, secular, democratic republic with a parliamentary form of government. It is a union of states. For administrative purposes, India, one of the world’s most populous countries, is divided into 28 states and eight union territories. Traditions, history, architecture, language, and cuisine differ from one state to the next and are specific to each country.
The world’s second-most populous country is home to over 19000 languages, making it the world’s most linguistically diverse country. Articles 343 to 351 of Part XVII of the Indian constitution deal with official languages.
Despite the fact that the Constitution does not define the official language at this time, the Constitution’s Eighth Schedule lists 22 languages (originally 14 languages). Let’s take a look at the Indian states and their official languages.
India, the world’s seventh-largest nation, is rich in customs and cultural diversity. Language is one of the most important aspects of our diversity. According to the most recent census analysis, India has more than 19,500 languages or dialects spoken as mother tongues. In India, which has a population of 121 million people, there are 121 languages spoken by 10,000 or more people.
As a result, we are the most linguistically diverse country in the world. This is a hindrance to both public and private relations at the same time. As a result, the constitution designated 22 languages as official languages of various states and communities in order to unify government affairs and facilitate contact among various groups. Let’s take a look at the languages spoken in each of India’s states.
Indian states and their official language
- Assamese— official language of Assam
- Bengali— official language of Tripura and West Bengal
- Bodo— official language of Assam
- Dogri— official language of Jammu and Kashmir
- Gujarati— official language of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, and Gujarat
- Hindi— official language of Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttaranchal
- Kannada— official language of Karnataka
- Kashmiri— official language of Jammu and Kashmir
- Konkani— official language of Goa and Mangalore
- Malayalam— official language of Kerala and Lakshadweep
- Manipurior Meithei — official language of Manipur
- Marathi— official language of Maharashtra
- Nepali— official language of Sikkim
- Oriya— official language of Orissa
- Punjabi— official language of Punjab and Chandigarh, the second official language of Delhi and Haryana
- Sanskrit— the language of Hinduism, required teaching in many schools
- Santali– the language of the Santhal tribals of the Chota Nagpur Plateau (comprising the states of Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, and Chattisgarh)
- Sindhi– the language of the Sindhi community
- Tamil— official language of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry
- Telugu— official language of Andhra Pradesh
- Urdu— official language of Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, and Uttar Pradesh
Must check List of the Indian States and Capital
Takshila Learning lets you understand the official languages of different states. The mentors at Takshila learning lets you prepare for the examinations in the right way and appear for the same with confidence.
Takshila Learning helps you in knowing about the languages specific to the regions
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