Lala Lajpat Rai’s role in the Indian Freedom Movement
Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the legendary triumvirates of India’s liberation struggle against British colonial rule. Lala Lajpat Rai was a multi-faceted personality who led a life of ceaseless action devoted to the nation’s selfless service.
What did Lala Lajpat Rai do for India?
Lajpat Rai was a veteran Indian Nationalist Movement heavyweight leader. He fought for Indian independence movements led by the Indian National Congress and worked for the Hindu reform movements through the Arya Samaj. Lala also inspired young men of his generation with journalistic writings and ignited a latent spirit of patriotism in their hearts
Lajpat Rai studied in Rewari and later in Lahore, the capital of undivided Punjab, and was born into the educated Aggarwal family of Punjab. He was drawn into one of 19th century India’s most innovative revitalization movements, Arya Samaj, which was founded and led by Swami Dayanand Saraswati. Later, in Lahore, he set up a Dayanand Anglo-Vedic academy.
Lajpat Rai belonged to that time in our history when people such as Aurobindo, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal came to see the fundamental flaws in “Moderate” politics, what they considered “political mendicancy” and the inadequacies of incremental change in the constitution.
The principles of modern nationalism preached by its high priests such as Tilak, Arabinda and Lajpat Rai assumed concrete form, which can be considered the precursor of Mahatma Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience Movement,” Mazumdar, the doyen of Indian historians, explains.”
Why did he establish the Hindu Relief Movement?
He established the Hindu Relief Movement as early as 1897 to provide assistance to the famine-stricken people and thus prevent them from falling into the missionaries’ clutches.
He called for technical education and industrial self-help in the two papers he wrote for The Kayastha Samachar (1901). “It was Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak who “propagated the concept” in the aftermath of the Swadeshi movement (anti-partition of Bengal. 1905-8), when “the idea of a national education captured the imagination of the whole of India.
He went to establish the Lahore National College, where Bhagat Singh studied. When agitation against increased irrigation prices and higher land revenues started in Punjab, their meetings were always addressed by the Indian Patriots Association headed by Ajit Singh (uncle of Bhagat Singh) and Lajpat Rai.
As one contemporary British article pointed out, “Lala Lajpat Rai, a Khatri supporter, is the head and center of the entire movement; he is a revolutionary and political enthusiast inspired by the British government’s most intense hatred.”
He was granted the toughest jail sentences in faraway Mandalay (now Myanmar) in 1907 without trial for his rising participation in the freedom movement. He also led the demonstration against Jalianwalla Bagh’s horrific massacre.
He visited the USA and Japan, where he stayed in contact with the revolutionaries of India. He became a member of the British Labour Party in England as well.
He was elected President of the Indian National Congress at the Calcutta session, acknowledging his outstanding role in the free movement (1920). He was also elected as the President of the All India Trade Union Congress, as he took a great interest in the plight of the working class people.
Whom did Lala Lajpat Rai follow?
He reportedly formed a deep friendship with Lala Hans Raj and Pandit Guru Dutt Vidyarthi at college, all three of whom were profoundly influenced by the teachings of the Hindu reformist movement Arya Samaj, founded in 1875 by Dayanand Saraswati.
Lajpat Rai called for “the greatest devotion and sacrifice of us” and “our first desire, then, is to raise our patriotism to the level of religion and to strive for it to live or die for.” He was seen as “a champion of moral courage rather than physical courage” and was conscious of society’s fundamental problems.
What kind of a leader was Lala Lajpat Rai?
He was one of the few leaders who realized the challenges of a united anti-colonial struggle, taking lessons from the millennium-old civilisation problems of India, and learning the correct message from the politics of communal separatism expressed for a long time by the likes of Sir Syed Ahmad and his campaign, Khilfatists and Pan Islamists who were brought forward by the Muslim League camp.
He first emphasized the need for unity in Hindu society and thus prepared for the war against the British. That is why he was actively affiliated with the Hindu Mahasabha, which had leaders such as Madan Mohan Malaviya, and realized that it was sidetracking the greater national interest.
Via Hindi and Nagri script, text-books on Indian indigenous cultural heritage (many of which were lying in ruins), propagation of Sanskrit literature, shuddhi movement of those whose ancestors were previously Hindus, and agitation against the favoritism of the British government to non-Hindus, he had also clearly set an agenda for socio-cultural revival.
He was a prolific writer and wrote many books, including “Unhappy India,” “Young India: An Interpretation,” “History of Arya Samaj,” “England’s Debt to India,” and a series of famous biographies on Mazzini, Garibaldi, and Swami Dayanand. Gifted with a perceptive mind, he founded the Punjab National Bank as a visionary man with a mission.
How did Lala Lajpat Rai die? How did Bhagat Singh take revenge for Lala Lajpat Rai’s death?
Bhagat Singh was the revolutionary hero of the Indian independence movement. In a demonstration against the Simon Commission, Lala Lajpat Rai succumbed to injuries sustained by the British police. Bhagat Singh planned to kill the police superintendent who ordered the demonstrators to be lathi-charged as revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. However, by mistake, Bhagat Singh and his friends ultimately murdered the Assistant Police Superintendent and went into hiding.
Takshila learning remembers this Lala Lajpat Rai a great leader of the freedom struggle and reveres his contribution to our country’s freedom. He was an ardent nationalist who fought for the country to make it liberated from the clutches of the British rulers. Takshila Learning salutes this activist and makes his contributions known to the community of education.
Takshila learning remembers Lala Lajpat Rai and his earnest efforts in the freedom struggle
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