Mahatma Gandhi’s Role in the Indian Freedom Struggle
Mahatma Gandhi was known for his non-violent movements in the freedom struggle and was a leading figure in independent India. Through his attempts, India eventually achieved independence from colonial rule. He has always given meaning to human rights. No doubt, Mahatma Gandhi is a real inspiration not only for the past generation but also for his philosophy of non-violence for the generations to come.
The leader who led India to Independence was Mahatma Gandhi. For over 250 years, India has been subject to British rule. At Gopal Krishna Gokhale’s appeal, Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in 1915. The contribution of Gandhi to the Indian movement for independence cannot be measured in any way. He, along with other freedom fighters urged the British to flee India. His principles and agendas were non-violent and the source of inspiration for millions and millions of people. Mahatma Gandhi played important role in the Indian Freedom Struggle.
1. What was Gandhiji’s contribution to the First World War?
The First World War
Mahatma Gandhiji decided that Indians would be aggressively recruited for the war effort. He began his activism in the early 1900s as an Indian immigrant in South Africa and became the leading figure in India’s fight to gain independence from Great Britain in the years after World War I.
2. What was Mahatma Gandhi’s role in the Champaran agitation?
The Bihar Champaran agitation was Gandhiji’s first successful participation in the politics of Indian independence. The farmers in Champaran were forced to grow Indigo and were tortured if they objected. The farmers sought the support of Gandhiji and Gandhiji was able to extract concessions from the authority through a measured non-violent protest.
The local farmers called on the rulers to waive taxes when Kheda, a village in Gujarat, was badly hit by floods. Gandhi launched a signature campaign here, where farmers promised non-payment of taxes. He also organized a social boycott of the Talatdars and Mamlatdars (revenue officials). In 1918, before the drought ended, the government relaxed the terms of payment of income tax.
4. How was Gandhiji involved in the Khilafat Movement?
The effect of Gandhiji on the Muslim populace was remarkable. In his participation in the Khilafat Campaign, this was obvious. Muslims feared for the safety of their Caliph or religious leader after the First World War, and a worldwide movement was organized to defend against the collapse of the Caliph’s position.
During his Indian Ambulance Corps days in South Africa, Gandhiji became a leading speaker of the All India Muslim Conference and returned the medals he had received from the Empire. In no time, his position in the Khilafat made him a national leader.
5. What did Gandhiji call for which led to the Non-cooperation movement?
Gandhi had realized that only because of the cooperation they got from the Indians were the British able to be in India. Holding this in mind, he called for a motion of non-cooperation. He persuaded citizens that peaceful non-cooperation was the path to Independence, with the help of Congress and his indomitable spirit. The ominous day of the massacre of Jallianwala Bagh further triggered the non-cooperation movement. Gandhi set the Swaraj or self-governance goal, which has since then become the Indian freedom movement’s motto.
6. Salt March
Gandhiji’s Salt March, also known as the Dandi Movement, is considered to be a key incident in the history of the fight for independence. Gandhiji announced at the Calcutta Congress in 1928 that the British had to give India dominion status or that the nation would erupt into a revolt for full independence. The British rulers paid no heed to this.
As a result, the Indian flag was unfurled in Lahore on December 31, 1929, and the Indian Independence Day was celebrated on January 26 of that year. Then, in March 1930, Gandhi began a Satyagraha movement against the salt levy. From Ahmedabad to Dandi in Gujarat, he marched 388 kilometers to make salt. He was joined by thousands of people and made it one of the largest marches in Indian history.
Gandhi was determined to impact the British Empire during the Second World War with a definitive blow that would ensure their exit from India. When the British began to recruit Indians for the war, this happened.
Gandhi strongly protested and said that since India itself is not a free country; the Indians cannot be engaged in a war that favours democratic purposes. The two-faced picture of the colonizers was highlighted by this claim and they were out of this country within half a decade.
Must read – Role of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in Indian Freedom
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